Other Controls On HMOs?

National HMO Network > Other Controls On HMOs?

Controls on all private housing

Housing controls apply to all types of properties, they include:

Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)

Furniture and furnishings

Planning permission/Building Regulation Approval

Legionnaires’ Disease

Energy Performance Certificates


Fire Safety Order

Some HMOs will need to comply with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. This is often referred to as the RRO or just the Fire Safety Order.

These will typically be houses let as bedsits, hostels and blocks of flats.

Fire Safety Risk Assessment for sleeping accommodation.

Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)

All houses should be free from Serious Health and Safety Hazards – known as Category 1 Hazards.


Within 5 years of a licence application, all HMOs have to be assessed to ensure there are no category 1 hazards.


Furniture and furnishings

There are standards for furniture and furnishings to ensure fire safety in all private rented housing.


In HMOs the manager is required to ensure that the furniture supplied is in a clean condition at the start of a person’s occupation.

Planning Permission/ Building Regulation Approval

Some of the works to HMOs will require planning permission and or building regulation approval including for:

  • change of use for houses occupied by more than 6
  • installation of plumbing and electrical works
  • thermal insulation
  • structural alterations

Meeting building regulation standards does not imply that the house meets HMO standards and will be free from Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) hazards.

In addition, many Councils have controls in parts of their areas preventing the creation of new HMOs.

Legionnaires’ Disease

All landlords providing rented accommodation will have responsibilities to ensure that the risk regarding legionella are properly controlled.

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) enforce landlord obligations for Legionnaire’s Disease.